Goftogu's Logo Quarterly On Culture & Society

Topical Articles

■ The Situation of Women in the Iraqi Kurdistan  Chenar Sa'd Abdullah

■ Foreign Investment in the Iraqi Kurdistan  Ezzat Issa

■ They Don't Even Show the Political Prisoners to the Red Cross  Suran Omar

■ 250 thousand Students in the Iraqi Kurdistan  Shirzad Najar

■ We Are in a Transitional Period  Nejdat Akry

■ Politics and Society in the Kurdish Region of Iraq  Farhad Pirbal

■ Putting an End to Corruption  Farough Rafigh

■ Keeping Out the Parties  Azad Jundiany

The Iraqi Kurdistan and its prospects


The Iraqi Kurdistan and its prospects

Topical Articles

The Situation of Women in the Iraqi Kurdistan

Chenar Sa'd Abdullah


Foreign Investment in the Iraqi Kurdistan

Ezzat Issa

Ezzat Issa is the director of finance and also the economic assistant of the prime minister of Iraq. He mentions that in 1992 the per capita revenue of an Iraqi Kurd was 20$ but in 2011 it has risen to 4500$. At the moment 17% of the total budget of Iraq has been designated for the Kurdish region. He also talks about the oil sector in the Kurdish region and the prospect of export in the future.


They Don't Even Show the Political Prisoners to the Red Cross

Suran Omar

Suran Omar as a reporter and a member of the Islamic opposition is of the opinion that the present discontent and public demonstrations is the direct result of twenty years of misrule by the Kurdish parties. In this interview he mentions a number of specific events such as the bloody quarrel of the Patriotic Union and the Democratic Party over the costume revenue in the early 2000s and a total neglect of human rights in regard to oppositional activities that has led to the present situation.


250 thousand Students in the Iraqi Kurdistan

Shirzad Najar

Shirzad Najar is a lecturer in the Arbil University. In discussing the transformation of the Iraqi government from an authoritarian state to a federal one sice the demise of the Ba'th regime, he mentions how this development led to the empowerment of the Kurds both in their homeland and Baghdad. He also talks about the various public and private universities that operate in the region and the number of students engaged there.


We Are in a Transitional Period

Nejdat Akry

Nejdat Akry is the director of the research and development sector of the ministry of the higher education in the Iraqi Kurdistan. He characterize the present opposition as a hectic combination of the radical tendencies within the Patriotic Union who are enticing the youth to break the rules and take to the streets. But he doesn't believe in foreign involvement in this question.


Politics and Society in the Kurdish Region of Iraq

Farhad Pirbal

Farhad Pirball as a leading intellectual and author is critical about the present opposition and particularly those who have taken their opposition to the streets of Sulaimania. In his opinion the leaders of the present opposition, when in power , were as involved in corruption and misrule as the rest and therefore the real issue is nothing but a quest for power.


Putting an End to Corruption

Farough Rafigh

Farough Rafigh is an intellectual and university lecturer. He is also one of the spoke persons of the Suleimania demonstrations. He believes that the experiment of a Kurdish State has failed and the only thing that has survived is an oppressive rule. In describing the diverse demands of the protestors he emphasis the need to refrain from any sort of violence.


Keeping Out the Parties

Azad Jundiany

Azad Jundiany, the head of the media section of the Patriotic Union of the Iraqi Kurdistan thinks the overall situation of this region is far from settled. The procedure of employment in local administration has not been a just one and as a result a significant section of the youth is deeply dissatisfied. But regardless of these facts he believes that the meddling of the Parties in the Affairs of the Kurdish region has been stopped.


On the Necessity of a Democratic Regional State

Noushirvan Mustapha

Noushirvan Mustapha as the leader of the Guran -(change)- movement, the most important opposition group in the Iraqi Kurdistan is very critical about the far reaching presence of the Ruling Parties in all aspects of the life in the Iraqi Kurdistan such as the market, universities, the employment and sacking of the higher echelons of the state employees. He believes that the Iraqi Kurdistan is subject to a dual rule, one in Suleimania by the Patriotic Union and another by the Democratic Party in Arbil, and none of these parties abide to the democratic rules of the game. Democracy is the main demand of this movement.


Iran and the Political Reconciliation of the Kurdish Parties

Ja'far Ibrahim

Ja'far Ibrahim is the head of the electoral section of the Democratic Party of the Iraqi Kurdistan. In a discussion on the various political parties and trend that are active in this region, he elaborates on a number of specific political problems that has emerged in this respect. At the same time that Ja'far Ibrahim emphasis on the importance of further dialogue and cooperation among these groups, he also expects Iran to take a more active role in the settlement of these differences.


The Iraqi Kurdistan

Zarar Haji Mirkhan

After an overview of a number of recent historical events such as the "Anfal" operation ( the massacres of the Kurds), the chemical bombardment of the Halabja and the resistance of the Kurdish opposition parties against the Ba'th regime - the perpetrator of the mentioned crimes - the gradual formation of the political, legal and administrative institutions of this autonomous region is the main subject of this paper.