Govern Mentality


Govern Mentality

Topical Articles


Michel Foucault

This paper is a lecture, given by Michel Foucault at College de France in February 1978 in which he examines the art or activity of government in its present form and within a historical perspective. He also examines the different ways governmentality has been made thinkable and practicable. In this lecture Foucault tries to explain why and how from the middle of sixteen century develops and flourishes a notable series of political treaties that are no longer exactly 'advice to the prince', and not yet treaties of political science, but are instead presented as works on the 'art of government'.


Treaties on the Art of Government: Qajar Elites' Political Endevour Revisited

Morad Saghafi

Since the very beginning of the establishment of the Qajar Dynasty as a central state, Iran found herself in the neighbourhood of three powerful empires of the time that is Russia, the Ottoman Empire and Great Britain. Due to this fact, a number of Iranian internal problems which were left unresolved for a number of reasons, at last had to get dealt with. These problems having acquired an international significance could no longer be ignored and therefore the Iranian elites had to resolve them. A number of Qajar Treaties that reflect this concerns are analysed in this paper through the concept of governmentality.


With or Without Workers in Reza Shah's Iran

Kaveh Bayat

In the late 1920s at the height of Iran's attempts to force the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company to revise the D'Arcy oil concession in a way to increase Iran's share of oil revenue a significant strike occurred in the Abadan refinery in May 1929.The Abadan strike put the Iranian government in a very awkward position; considering the current attempts of the Iranian government to "right the wrongs" of the Company and at the same time a British inspired fear of the whole affair being a "Bolshevik " plot to create unrest in the southern parts of Iran ,the course of action to be taken was not quite clear and obvious. Although at the end the Iranian government decided to suppress the strike by use of force but the whole episode as a prelude to the outburst of the same conflicting tendencies in the post Second World War Iran, is worth examining.


The Development of Social Insurance in Iran: Technical - Financial Conditions and Political Rationales.

Cyrus Schayegh

The establishment of a Social Insurance scheme for state functionaries in Iran shows that Social Insurance had two separate genealogies and political rationales. The original one was part and parcel of modern state formation that, although initiated in the late 19th century started in earnest and in practice only in the early 1920s. the later genealogy starting in the later 1930s, budding in the 1940sm and coming to fruition de facto from 1953 onwards with the establishment of the Organisation des Assurances Sociale de Travailleurs was concerned with the growing working class, especially those sectors employed in larger industrial enterprises. The waxing force of the Iranian Left in the 1940s and the specter of a communist/Soviet driven revolution also after 1953 were instrumental in pushing the Iranian political elite and the shah to expand Social Insurance.


Authority and Agency: Re-Visiting Women's Activism During Reza Shah's Period

Afsaneh Najmabadi

One of the major issues with which Reza Shah's reign has been marked in Iranian historical memory is unveiling of women in 1936. According to a prevalent narrative, women's independent organizations were banned or dissolved prior to this move, replaced by the formation of Kanun-i banuvan (ladies Association) and statist women's activism.
This account ignores that more than coercion was at work: women themselves were divided not only on the issue of unveiling, but also on how to relate to the increasingly centralized and autocratic government of Reza Shah. This paper will review women's activities of the prior period, between the constitutional Revolutions up to the mid-1930s, with a focus on 1925-1935.